Industry: Specialty Chemicals (300 stocks)

StockDividend YieldP/E RatioDividend Frequency Years Paying DGR
002455.SZ Jiangsu Baichuan High-Tech New Materials Co., Ltd 1.10% -43.78 1 13 -16%
002568.SZ Shanghai Bairun Investment Holding Group Co., Ltd. 2.22% 23.16 1 6 26%
002601.SZ LB Group Co., Ltd. 5.11% 19.30 2 12 -3%
0640.HK Infinity Development Holdings Company Limited 7.50% 4.92 2 13 20%
1047.HK Ngai Hing Hong Company Limited 10.00% - 2 - -
1COV.DE Covestro AG 0.00% -10.14 1 - -
2108.TW NANTEX Industry Co., Ltd. 5.53% 25.50 1 21 30%
2116.HK Jiangsu Innovative Ecological New Materials Limited 2.90% 11.83 1 5 30%
301003.SZ Jiangsu Boiln Plastics Co., Ltd. 3.17% 17.31 2 3 -
301019.SZ NINGBO COLOR MASTE 4.69% 18.92 1 2 -
3101.T TOYOBO CO 0.04% -9.97 1 24 -
3355.T Kuriyama Holdings Corporation 0.00% 5.13 1 5 30%
3537.T Shoei Yakuhin Co.,Ltd. 0.02% 12.25 1 8 25%
4008.T Sumitomo Seika Chemicals Company, Limited. 0.06% 12.10 2 23 21%
4022.T Rasa Industries, Ltd. 0.04% 7.51 1 7 30%
4023.T KUREHA CORPORATION 0.03% 13.98 2 23 20%
4027.T TAYCA CORP 0.03% 16.13 1 21 14%
4028.T ISHIHARA SANGYO KAISHA 0.03% 9.71 1 5 30%
4043.T Tokuyama Corporation 0.03% 18.07 2 7 18%
4046.T OSAKA SODA CO LTD 0.00% 55.68 2 23 10%
4047.T Kanto Denka Kogyo Co., Ltd. 0.03% 11.59 2 9 26%
4064.T Nippon Carbide Industries Co., Inc. 0.02% -57.83 1 13 20%
4078.T Sakai Chemical Industry Co., Ltd. 0.06% -12.53 2 23 24%
4082.T DAIICHI KIGENSO KAGAKU-KOGYO CO 0.05% 11.30 2 14 23%
4088.T Air Water Inc. 0.03% 11.11 2 23 -2%
4092.T Nippon Chemical Industrial Co., Ltd. 0.05% 26.37 2 9 8%
4094.T NIHON KAGAKU SANGYO CO 0.01% 15.87 2 23 20%
4095.T NIHON PARKERIZING CO 0.03% 13.58 2 23 26%
4098.T TITAN KOGYO K.K. 0.02% -117.81 1 13 11%
4099.T SHIKOKU KASEI HOLDINGS CORPORAT 0.00% 12.25 2 23 24%
4109.T Stella Chemifa Corporation 0.01% 94.35 2 23 27%
4112.T Hodogaya Chemical Co., Ltd. 0.01% 16 2 19 9%
4113.T Taoka Chemical Company, Limited 0.02% 18.67 2 14 2%
4116.T Dainichiseika Color & Chemicals Mfg. Co., Ltd. 0.01% 16.90 2 23 10%
4118.T KANEKA CORP 0.03% 15.34 2 23 10%
4182.T MITSUBISHI GAS CHEMICAL CO INC 0.02% 10.49 2 19 10%
4183.T MITSUI CHEMICALS INC 0.05% 13.36 2 24 18%
4185.T JSR Corporation 0.01% -768.73 2 23 5%
4187.T Osaka Organic Chemical Industry Ltd. 0.02% 15.85 2 15 8%
4188.T Mitsubishi Chemical Group Corporation 0.04% 14.20 2 18 4%
4202.T Daicel Corporation 0.03% 7.26 2 23 21%
4203.T Sumitomo Bakelite Company Limited 0.02% 15.84 2 23 30%
4205.T Zeon Corporation 2.91% 81.15 2 23 16%
4208.T UBE Corporation 0.04% 75.27 1 19 5%
4215.T C.I.TAKIRON Corporation 3.70% 23.56 2 - -
4221.T Okura Industrial Co., Ltd. 0.03% 7.66 1 14 16%
4228.T Sekisui Kasei Co., Ltd. 0.02% 16.56 2 23 -10%
4229.T Gun Ei Chemical Industry Co., Ltd. 0.02% 13.53 2 14 10%
4231.T TIGERS POLYMER CORP 0.01% 7.63 2 23 30%
4275.T CARLIT HOLDINGS CO LTD 0.02% 9.21 1 23 24%
4362.T NIPPON FINE CHEMICAL CO 0.01% 16.91 2 23 26%
4369.T TRI CHEMICAL LABORATORIES INC. 0.01% 54.95 1 11 30%
4401.T ADEKA CORPORATION 0.03% 16.36 2 24 14%
4403.T NOF Corporation 0.02% 17.19 2 23 10%
4406.T New Japan Chemical Co., Ltd. 0.00% -15.14 1 5 22%
4410.T HARIMA CHEMICALS GROUP INC 0.04% -21.93 2 14 0%
4461.T DKS Co. Ltd. 0.02% -57.89 1 14 0%
4462.T Ishihara Chemical Co., Ltd. 0.01% 17.76 2 14 21%
4471.T SANYO CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES 0.02% 17.18 2 23 7%
4611.T DAI NIPPON TORYO 0.02% 7.61 1 14 -
4612.T NIPPON PAINT HOLDINGS CO LTD 0.00% 23.13 2 23 20%
4613.T Kansai Paint Co., Ltd. 0.01% 9.05 2 23 12%
4615.T SHINTO PAINT CO 0.00% -4.17 1 21 -
4617.T CHUGOKU MARINE PAINTS 0.02% 10.52 2 23 13%
4619.T Nihon Tokushu Toryo Co., Ltd. 0.02% 8.44 2 14 7%
4620.T Fujikura Kasei Co., Ltd. 0.04% 56.85 2 14 -
4625.T ATOMIX CO LTD 0.02% 41.72 1 15 3%
4626.T Taiyo Holdings Co., Ltd. 0.02% 15.76 2 23 4%
4631.T DIC Corporation 0.00% -90.09 2 21 -7%
4633.T SAKATA INX CORP 0.00% 8.84 2 23 0%
4634.T ARTIENCE CO LTD 0.03% 18.60 2 23 20%
4636.T T & K TOKA CO LTD 0.01% 53.27 2 14 24%
4914.T TAKASAGO INTERNATIONAL CORP 0.02% 14.63 2 23 14%
4956.T KONISHI CO LTD 0.02% 12.92 2 23 24%
4958.T T.HASEGAWA CO 0.02% 20.39 2 23 15%
4966.T C. UYEMURA & CO.LTD 0.02% 21.53 1 24 26%
4968.T ARAKAWA CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES 0.04% -4.90 2 14 3%
4971.T MEC Company Ltd. 0.01% 35.44 2 14 10%
4972.T Soken Chemical & Engineering Co., Ltd. 0.03% 8.95 1 15 23%
4973.T JAPAN PURE CHEMICAL 0.00% 35.64 2 20 6%
4975.T JCU Corporation 0.02% 19.92 2 18 16%
4977.T NITTA GELATIN INC 0.01% 10.32 2 12 10%
5018.T MORESCO CORP 0.03% 10.63 2 13 4%
5122.T OKAMOTO INDUSTRIES INC 0.01% 12.77 2 23 8%
5168.KL Hartalega Holdings Berhad 0.00% -28.89 4 - -
5201.T AGC Inc. 0.04% -27.10 2 24 20%
5289.KL Techbond Group Berhad 1.88% 20 1 5 -
5301.T Tokai Carbon Co., Ltd. 0.00% 7.96 2 24 18%
5302.T NIPPON CARBON CO 0.00% 17.07 1 17 20%
5304.T Sec Carbon,Limited 0.02% 7.39 2 17 17%
6988.T NITTO DENKO CORP 0.02% 19.22 2 23 8%
7877.T Eidai Kako Co.,Ltd. 0.03% -20.26 1 14 -4%
7940.T WAVELOCK HLDGS CO LTD 0.04% 10.70 2 7 17%
7958.T Tenma Corporation 0.05% 13.25 2 23 15%
7966.T LINTEC Corporation 0.01% 40.48 2 23 4%
7970.T SHIN-ETSU POLYMER CO 0.03% 16.92 2 23 30%
8012.T Nagase & Co., Ltd. 0.03% 15.27 2 23 30%
8098.T INABATA & CO 0.04% 7.82 2 23 28%
A7RU.SI Keppel Infrastructure Trust 0.08% 50.50 4 17 0%
AARTIIND.NS Aarti Industries Limited 0.57% 50.24 2 21 30%
ABSSF AirBoss of America Corp. 5.48% -2.31 4 17 15%
ADB.BK Applied DB Public Company Limited 0.00% -15 2 - -
AI.PA L'Air Liquide S.A. 1.72% 27.70 1 24 6%
AIQUY L'Air Liquide S.A. 1.59% 27.73 1 22 3%
AKSHARCHEM.NS AksharChem (India) Limited 0.19% -14.34 1 6 -
AKZA.AS Akzo Nobel N.V. 2.91% 29.85 3 25 3%
AKZOF Akzo Nobel N.V. 2.89% 29.07 - - -
AKZOINDIA.BO AKZO NOBEL INDIA LIMITED 3.54% 30.83 1 23 7%
AKZOINDIA.NS Akzo Nobel India Limited 3.58% 30.51 1 22 7%
AKZOY Akzo Nobel N.V. 2.90% 29.05 2 35 15%
ALB Albemarle Corporation Champions 1.39% 4.05 4 31 2%
ALTM Arcadium Lithium plc 0.00% 10.87 - - -
ALTO Alto Ingredients, Inc. 0.00% -3.23 - - -
AMRS Amyris, Inc. - -1.09 - - -
APCOTEXIND.BO APCOTEX INDUSTRIES LTD. 1.14% 40.05 1 17 30%
APCOTEXIND.NS Apcotex Industries Limited 1.14% 39.11 1 17 30%
APD Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. Champions 3.09% 21 4 42 8%
ARKAY Arkema S.A. 3.50% 18.84 1 16 8%
ASH Ashland Inc. Challengers 1.67% 31.35 4 42 7%
ASIANPAINT.NS Asian Paints Limited 0.88% 52.04 2 22 28%
AVNT Avient Corporation Contenders 2.66% 106.68 4 14 6%
AVOA Avoca LLC 0.40% 2.42 1 - -
AVTNPL.BO AVT NATURAL PRODUCTS LTD. 0.85% 34.34 2 20 30%
AVTNPL.NS AVT Natural Products Limited 0.85% 30.63 2 17 30%
AVTR Avantor, Inc. 0.00% 43.97 - - -
AVTX.AS Avantium N.V. 0.00% -3.37 - - -
AWTRF Air Water Inc. 3.39% 11.21 2 23 30%
AXTA Axalta Coating Systems Ltd. 0.00% 29.02 - - -
BCPC Balchem Corporation Contenders 0.50% 45.31 1 38 26%
BNTGF Brenntag SE 2.61% 17.19 1 13 4%
BOS.TO AirBoss of America Corp. 5.39% -2.08 4 17 12%
CBT Cabot Corporation Contenders 1.98% 9.20 4 41 2%
CC The Chemours Company 3.45% -13.45 4 10 30%
CCF Chase Corporation 0.78% 36.64 1 33 6%
CHEMFAB.NS Chemfab Alkalis Limited 0.29% 13.50 1 2 -
CLEAN.BO Clean Science and Technology L 0.36% 58.40 2 3 -
CLEAN.NS Clean Science & Tech Ltd 0.36% 58.38 2 3 -
CLZNY Clariant AG 3.65% -38.24 1 12 -30%
CMT Core Molding Technologies, Inc. 0.00% 6.38 2 - -
CNEY CN Energy Group. Inc. 0.00% -1.05 - - -
COIHY Croda International Plc 2.09% 35.80 2 12 30%
CRBN.AS Corbion N.V. 2.97% 16.08 1 24 -
CRDA.L Croda International Plc 2.16% 35.76 2 31 30%
CRKN Crown ElectroKinetics Corp. 0.00% -0.01 - - -
CSNVY Corbion N.V. 3.15% 15.20 1 13 -
CUYRF C.Uyemura & Co.,Ltd. 364.45% 10.85 1 5 -
CXDC CHINA XD PLASTICS COMPANY LIMIT - -3.08 - - -
DACHF Daicel Corporation 4.38% 7.54 2 15 0%
DCMSHRIRAM.NS DCM Shriram Limited 1.94% 29.64 2 22 18%
DD DuPont de Nemours, Inc. 2.24% 62.06 7 56 0%
DICIND.NS DIC India Limited 0.41% -34.83 1 4 -
DNMR Danimer Scientific, Inc. 0.00% -0.46 - - -
DSM.AS DSM-Firmenich AG 2.22% 18.25 2 23 6%
ECL Ecolab Inc. Champions 1.05% 46.97 4 40 4%
ECVT Ecovyst Inc. 0.00% 18.55 - - -
ELK.OL Elkem ASA 31.20% 9.75 1 5 30%
EMN Eastman Chemical Company Contenders 3.83% 11.08 4 31 6%
EPG.BK Eastern Polymer Group Public Company Limited 3.49% 17.56 2 9 8%
EPG-R.BK Eastern Polymer Group Public Company Limited 0.00% 18.29 2 2 -
ESI Element Solutions Inc 1.34% 106 4 5 -
ESTER.NS Ester Industries Limited 0.49% -9.95 1 5 -30%
EVK.DE Evonik Industries AG 6.73% -13.34 1 10 27%
FAME Flamemaster Corporation 1.02% 35 4 - -
FCL.BO FINEOTEX CHEMICAL LTD. 0.00% 41.44 - 14 3%
FCL.NS FINEOTEX CHEMICAL 0.45% 46.24 1 9 30%
FF FutureFuel Corp. 4.14% 8.91 3 15 2%
FLUG-B.CO Flügger group A/S 1.38% 253.24 1 24 -10%
FLUOROCHEM.NS Gujarat Fluorochemicals Limited 0.11% 42.15 1 2 -
FOE Ferro Corporation 0.00% 13.29 - - -
FPE.DE Fuchs SE 3.17% 15.61 1 24 3%
FSI Flexible Solutions International, Inc. 0.00% 6.37 1 1 -
FUL H.B. Fuller Company Champions 1.06% 29.85 4 40 4%
GCP GCP Applied Technologies Inc. - 177.83 - - -
GEVO Gevo, Inc. 0.00% -3.02 - - -
GIVN.SW Givaudan SA 1.82% 38.47 1 24 3%
GMG.V Graphene Manufacturing Group Ltd 0.00% -18 - - -
GOACARBON.BO GOA CARBON LTD. 3.15% 8.25 1 3 -
GOACARBON.NS GOA CARBON 3.15% 8.08 1 3 -
GRA W. R. Grace & Co. 0.90% 59.78 3 - -
GRWRHITECH.NS Garware Hi-Tech Films Limited 0.49% 25.64 1 2 -
GULFOILLUB.BO GULF OIL LUBRICANTS INDIA LTD 4.35% 14.90 2 10 30%
GULFOILLUB.NS GULF OIL LUBRICANT 4.35% 14.88 2 10 30%
GVDBF Givaudan SA 1.92% 35.59 1 20 5%
GVDNY Givaudan SA 1.86% 38.25 1 16 4%
HASGF T. Hasegawa Co., Ltd. 2.66% 19.34 2 5 17%
HDSN Hudson Technologies, Inc. 0.00% 13.16 - - -
HOLCO.AS Holland Colours N.V. 3.67% 19.76 1 14 -30%
HOVE.CO Hove A/S 0.00% 9.15 - - -
HUIHY Huabao International Holdings Limited 2.23% 27.14 2 7 -30%
HWKN Hawkins, Inc. Contenders 0.94% 17.58 2 40 6%
IFF International Flavors & Fragrances Inc. Contenders 3.99% 1332.33 4 51 2%
IFFT International Flavors & Fragrances Inc. 6.17% 34.00 3 - -
IKNX IKONICS Corporation 0.00% -4.85 - - -
IMCD.AS IMCD N.V. 1.68% 28.18 1 9 30%
INCZY Incitec Pivot Limited 5.89% 19.22 2 4 -
IOSP Innospec Inc. Contenders 1.16% 24.82 2 11 10%
IPHS Innophos Holdings, Inc. 0.06% 29.65 2 - -
IPL.AX Incitec Pivot Limited 3.75% 19.21 2 4 -
JMAT.L Johnson Matthey Plc 4.82% 16.30 2 32 18%
JMPLY Johnson Matthey Plc 4.90% 16.41 2 20 10%
JSCPF JSR Corporation 1.79% 121.88 2 19 30%
JUBLINGREA.BO Jubilant Ingrevia Limited 1.03% 32.81 2 4 -
JUBLINGREA.NS Jubilant Ingrevia Limited 1.03% 33.10 2 4 -
KAFR.TA Kafrit Industries (1993) Ltd 4.15% 10.34 2 14 4%
KANKF Kaneka Corporation 3.24% 16.22 2 22 30%
KOP Koppers Holdings Inc. 0.54% 12.13 4 3 -
KOTHARIPET.NS KOTHARI PETROCHEM 1.06% 12.56 1 1 -
KPLIF Keppel Infrastructure Trust 5.13% 38 3 9 21%
KPTCY Kansai Paint Co., Ltd. 1.41% 9.96 2 3 -
KRA Kraton Corporation - 14.57 - - -
KRO Kronos Worldwide, Inc. 8.68% -15.86 4 15 2%
KSANF Kansai Paint Co., Ltd. 1.58% 9.85 2 22 0%
KWR Quaker Chemical Corporation Contenders 0.90% 217.56 4 40 3%
LIN Linde plc Champions 1.16% 33.06 4 32 8%
LIN.DE Linde plc 1.18% 48.17 5 21 2%
LNTEF LINTEC Corporation 4.08% 22.18 2 16 21%
LOOP Loop Industries, Inc. 0.00% -13.13 - - -
LTHM Livent Corporation - 9.17 - - -
LTLS.JK PT Lautan Luas Tbk 6.38% 12.78 1 7 30%
LWLG Lightwave Logic, Inc. 0.00% -26.44 - - -
LXS.DE LANXESS Aktiengesellschaft 0.40% -7.77 1 17 -
LYB LyondellBasell Industries N.V. Contenders 5.19% 13.28 4 14 -2%
MANALIPETC.NS Manali Petrochemicals Limited 1.05% 75.43 1 17 22%
MATV Mativ Holdings, Inc. 3.40% -1.53 5 29 0%
MBGCF Mitsubishi Gas Chemical Company, Inc. 4.48% 8.75 2 21 24%
MITUF Mitsui Chemicals, Inc. 3.73% 13.34 2 22 21%
MTLHF Mitsubishi Chemical Group Corporation 3.90% 14.93 2 19 30%
MTX Minerals Technologies Inc. 0.55% 26.81 4 32 -
NDEKF Nitto Denko Corporation 2.91% 16.19 2 17 30%
NEO.TO Neo Performance Materials Inc. 5.43% -35.29 4 6 -
NEU NewMarket Corporation Contenders 1.50% 14.42 4 19 4%
NGVT Ingevity Corporation 0.00% 12.62 - - -
NOFCF NOF Corporation 1.73% 16.02 2 7 6%
NOPMF Neo Performance Materials Inc. 5.53% -15.91 5 6 -1%
NTIC Northern Technologies International Corporation 1.99% 40 2 8 30%
NVZMF Novozymes A/S 2.62% 31.45 1 15 22%
NVZMY Novozymes A/S 2.13% 31.09 1 20 30%
NXEOW NEXEO SOLUTIONS INC C/WTS 09/06 - 0.36 - - -
NZYM-B.CO Novozymes A/S 2.65% 34.33 1 23 26%
OCI.AS OCI N.V. 6.62% -25.09 2 2 -
OCLDY Orica Limited 3.05% 24.95 2 12 4%
ODC Oil-Dri Corporation of America Contenders 1.73% 14.38 4 41 4%
OEC Orion S.A. 0.35% 12.76 4 2 -
OLN Olin Corporation 1.56% 11.10 4 40 -
PCBL.BO PCBL LIMITED 1.76% 25.07 1 10 30%
PCBL.NS PCBL Limited 1.76% 25.03 1 10 30%
POLP.TA Polyram Plastic Industries LTD 4.26% 14.32 4 3 -
POLYPLEX.NS Polyplex Corporation Limited 6.10% 43.25 2 21 27%
PPG PPG Industries, Inc. Champions 1.80% 26.07 4 42 6%
PRM Perimeter Solutions, SA 0.00% 34.86 4 - -
PTL.BK Polyplex (Thailand) Public Company Limited 3.02% 120 2 7 -2%
PTL-R.BK Polyplex (Thailand) Public Company Limited 0.00% 11.47 2 7 -2%
QOL.SG SOL S.p.A. 1.30% 15.69 1 14 16%
RCPI Rock Creek Pharmaceuticals, Inc 6.84% 5.16 - - -
RIMO.TA Rimoni Industries Ltd. 4.83% 10.08 3 14 -9%
RPM RPM International Inc. Champions 1.70% 25.70 4 40 5%
SAGA.OL Saga Pure ASA 0.00% -3.20 2 - -
SCL Stepan Company Champions 1.65% 39.58 4 40 9%
SHW The Sherwin-Williams Company Champions 0.92% 33.55 4 40 11%
SIKA.SW Sika AG 1.28% 40.02 1 24 30%
SKA.WA Fabryka Farb i Lakierów Sniezka SA 2.61% 17.36 1 20 -
SKKAF Sk Kaken Co.,Ltd. 0.87% 90.57 1 10 19%
SNES SenesTech, Inc. 0.00% -0.02 - - -
SPG.BK Siam Pan Group Public Company Limited 5.44% 17.34 1 24 12%
SQM Sociedad Química y Minera de Chile S.A. 11.70% 3.90 2 30 30%
SRF.BO SRF LTD. 0.30% 45.14 2 24 28%
SRF.NS SRF Limited 0.30% 46.16 2 21 28%
SSL Sasol Limited 11.87% 11.62 2 2 -
SUKHJITS.BO The Sukhjit Starch & Chemicals Limited 1.66% 16.74 1 1 -
SUKHJITS.NS Sukhjit Starch & Chem Ltd 0.02% 14.69 - 1 -
SXT Sensient Technologies Corporation 2.51% 19.87 4 40 4%
SY1.DE Symrise AG 1.07% 56.01 1 16 3%
SYIEY Symrise AG 1.09% 56.67 1 15 2%
SYNT.L Synthomer plc 0.00% -0.57 2 - -
TET.L Treatt plc 1.92% 23.22 2 32 11%
TIDEWATER.BO TIDE WATER OIL (INDIA) LTD. 3.21% 21.82 2 20 13%
TIDEWATER.NS Tide Water Oil Co. (India) Limited 3.31% 22.80 2 17 17%
TKYMF Tokuyama Corporation 463.58% 6.37 2 8 30%
TKYMY Tokuyama Corporation 3.22% 18.55 2 7 8%
TNMAF Tenma Corporation 400.00% 17.83 2 21 8%
TORM TOR Minerals International, Inc. 0.00% -4.02 - - -
TREC Trecora Resources 0.00% 6.36 - - -
TRPZ.TA Turpaz Industries Ltd 1.26% 19.35 1 2 -
TSE Trinseo PLC 0.89% -0.25 4 9 2%
TYOBY Toyobo Co., Ltd. 4.06% 8.94 1 20 -4%
UBEOF UBE Corporation 4.73% 68.48 2 9 12%
VBK.DE VERBIO Vereinigte BioEnergie AG 0.99% 17.49 1 9 -
VCT.L Victrex plc 4.42% 19.39 2 29 26%
VIDHIING.BO Vidhi Specialty Food Ingredien 0.31% 62.81 3 12 -4%
VIDHIING.NS Vidhi Specialty Food Ingredients Limited 0.33% 61.91 3 8 -
VNTR Venator Materials PLC - 1.32 - - -
VNTRQ Venator Materials PLC 0.00% - - - -
VTXPF Victrex plc 3.71% 18.71 2 12 7%
WCH.DE Wacker Chemie AG 11.73% 6.80 1 17 30%
WDFC WD-40 Company Contenders 1.34% 52.14 4 40 8%
WLK Westlake Corporation Contenders 1.19% 14.82 4 21 4%
WTTR Select Water Solutions, Inc. 3.06% 14.50 4 3 -
ZEOOF Zeon Corporation 3.17% 85.82 2 6 24%
ZEOOY Zeon Corporation 408.16% 83 2 - -
ZY Zymergen Inc. - - - - -